FBR SmartBrief – December 12, 2018

FBR SmartBrief – December 12, 2018

DOT considers comments on air transport of lab animals | NABR says people, animals lose if airlines won’t transport research animals | Scientists get closer to viable cross-species heart transplants

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December 12, 2018
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DOT considers comments on air transport of lab animals

DOT considers comments on air transport of lab animals
(Pixabay)
The Department of Transportation received more than 20,000 comments on airlines’ refusal to transport lab animals — a policy the National Association for Biomedical Research and other scientific advocacy organizations say undermines lifesaving research. The airlines say they have been targeted by animal rights organizations that threaten passenger safety and have disrupted service, but labs are “quite frankly running out of options,” NABR President Matthew R. Bailey said.

Bloomberg (tiered subscription model) (12/5)

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NABR says people, animals lose if airlines won’t transport research animals

NABR says people, animals lose if airlines won't transport research animals
(Pixabay)
The Department of Transportation is considering public comments on a complaint filed against United Airlines, British Airways, China Southern Airlines and Qatar Airways in which the National Association for Biomedical Research says the airlines have illegally discriminated “against customers who seek to transport animals for purposes of live animal research undertaken at medical and other research facilities.” If the DOT does not act, “[t]reatments and cures will be delayed, and ultimately society, as well as the animals we love, will pay the cost,” said NABR President Matthew R. Bailey.

OutsourcingPharma (12/6)

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RESEARCH BREAKTHROUGHS

Scientists get closer to viable cross-species heart transplants

Two baboons with transplanted hearts from genetically engineered pigs survived for 90 days at Bruno Reichart’s lab at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich before being euthanized, and two other baboons with pig hearts survived 180 days before euthanasia, as required under the study protocol. Non-human primates in prior studies died soon after transplantation, but Reichart soaked the porcine hearts in a nutrient-rich solution and kept them warmer than in previous attempts, which may have prevented ischemia.

Scientific American online (12/5),  Nature (free content) (12/5)

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Scientists building platform for customizable vaccines

The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations and scientists at Imperial College London are developing a vaccine platform based on synthetic self-amplifying RNA that could be customized quickly by inserting genomic material to prevent specific infections, such as influenza, Ebola, Marburg and rabies viruses. The researchers plan to begin safety trials in animals early next year and move to human trials within two years.

Reuters (12/9)

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Studying macaques helped MacArthur “genius” crack the face code

Doris Tsao, one of this year’s MacArthur Foundation “genius” grant recipients, worked with macaques to map how the brain processes minute differences in shapes, features, tones and textures to recognize a face. Now she is working to crack the code of how the brain processes the world and is studying not only how the brain processes sensory information but also how the brain links that information to high-level knowledge.

Nature (free content) (12/11)

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Prozac’s effects last through 3 fish generations

Prozac's effects last through 3 fish generations
(Anthony Wallace/AFP/Getty Images)
After zebrafish were exposed to the antidepressant fluoxetine, known by the brand name Prozac, their offspring experienced lower cortisol levels through three generations, according to findings published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “What we think is happening is that by generation three, the fish are already adapting to new low cortisol levels,” said study co-author Marilyn Vera-Chang.

The Scientist online (12/10)

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Other News

ANIMAL HEALTH

Universities collaborate on study of pet dogs with brain tumors

Universities collaborate on study of pet dogs with brain tumors
(Pixabay)
Scientists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Auburn University, the University of Georgia and Mississippi State University are enrolling dogs with gliomas in a clinical study of a modified herpes virus to kill tumor cells that remain after excision. “We’re not only helping man’s best friend, but helping man with this treatment,” said veterinarian Amy Yanke, an assistant professor of neurology and neurosurgery at Auburn.

WLTZ-TV (Columbus, Ga.) (12/10)

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POLICY NEWS

Wis. town’s anti-research ballot measure likely to attract copycats

Voters in Mount Horeb, Wis., rejected a proposed resolution that would have expanded an ordinance and blocked the breeding of dogs for biomedical research. The measure may have been the first of its kind, but it is not likely to be the last, and “[t]he scientific community and research advocates can and should play an important role in providing facts and engaging in public dialog to support citizens’ informed decisions,” write Allyson Bennett and Sangy Panicker.

Speaking of Research (12/12)

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RESEARCH NEWS

How to balance transparency with security in biomedical research

Research programs that involve animals need to inform the public and maintain a level of transparency about what they do, but they also need to respond judiciously to inquiries, particularly from activist organizations, writes John Sancenito, president of security consulting firm Information Network Associates, who offers guidelines for balancing transparency and security.

Laboratory Equipment (12/6)

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FBR NEWS

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2018-12-13T09:30:08-04:00